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Migrate from XenDesktop 4 to XenDesktop 5.x

The method below is one I have developed to migrate from a XenDesktop 4 Pre-assigned group with no VMWare integration to a XenDesktop 5.x Existing Machine Catalog.

The challenge was the export from XenDesktop 4 obviously did not include the hypervisor path to the VDIs. This is obtainable using PowerShell but if your Farm is large and has grown organically you will find that the export from XenDesktop 4 will not match the output from the PowerShell command.

To get the two exports to match up I will show you how to use an Access 2010 Query.

I don’t think a lot of people are using dedicated / assigned VDIs but if you are this method could save you a lot of time. This blog only covers migrating the VDIs and user assignments, you still need to update your XenDesktop VDA before performing this.

End Game
The goal of this exercise to end up with a formatted CSV file that looks like this. We can then import this into our XenDesktop 5.x Catalog.

[VirtualMachinePath],[ADComputerAccount],[AssignedUser]
XDHype:connectionsLONLVVIR001London.datacenterVDI.clusterVDI.resourcepoolVDI008.vm,CONTOSOVDI008$,CONTOSOUser24
XDHype:connectionsLONLVVIR001London.datacenterVDI.clusterVDI.resourcepoolVDI033.vm,CONTOSOVDI033$,CONTOSOUser33
XDHype:connectionsLONLVVIR001London.datacenterVDI.clusterVDI.resourcepoolVDI056.vm,CONTOSOVDI056$,CONTOSOUser10

XenDesktop 4 Export
Install Powershell SDK on your XenDesktop 4 Controller

Run the following command to get a list of all your XenDesktop VDIs

Get-XdVirtualDesktop | Export-Csv C:tempxendesktop4.csv

You should then end up with a .csv file that looks like this

Delete #TYPE Citrix.PS.Commands.XdVirtualDesktop from the top row and then copy the Name column into column A and give it a column header called MachineName. Select the column and do a search and replace. Replace CONTOSO with nothing. Do the same with $sign.  Rename Column B header to ADComputerAccount and Column C header to AssignedUser

So you should now have 3 columns that look like this

Save the file and XenDesktop4.xlxs

VDI Hypervisor path
On your XenDesktop 5 controller load up PowerShell

Run this command to add the Citrix cmdlets

Add-Pssnapin citrix.*

CD to the location that your VDIs are stored, in my examples the command is

cd XDHyp:connectionsLONLVVIR001London.datacenterVDI.clusterVDI.resourcepool

If you don’t know the full path use DIR and then CD up to the next level, DIR again, and so on.

When you are in the location that your VDIs are, run this command

Dir | Select-Object name,fullpath | Export-Csv C:templondonVDIs.csv

This will give you an output of all the display names of VDIs and the Hypervisor path that should look like this

Delete the top row and rename the Column A to MachineName and Column B to VirtualMachinePath so that it looks like this

Save the file as LondonVDIs.xlxs

Access
Now we will use Access 2010 to match up the records from the XenDesktop 4 Export with all those from the LondonVDI Export

Open up Access and create a blank database. Import the XenDesktop4.xlsx spreadsheet by using this method

1. Click the External Data tab and click the Excel button. Browse to the XenDesktop4.xlsx file, click Open, and then click OK.

2. Click open if you get a security warning.

3. Click next

4. Tick First Row Contains Column Headings and click Next.

4. Click Next and Next

6. On the last screen change Import to Table field to XenDesktop4 and click Finish and close.

Repeat these steps for the LondonVDIs.xlsx and make sure you name the Table LondonVDIs

You should now have the two tables you have imported on the left of your Access window like this

Click the Create tab and click Query Design. Select both the tables that you created in the previous step and click Add and Close

Drag the MachineName field from LondonVDIs Table to the MachineName field in XenDesktop4 Table

In the table at the bottom of the Query form click the arrow next to Field and select LondonVDIs.VirtualMachinePath.

In the next column do the same and select XenDesktop4.ADComputerAccount

In the third column select XenDesktop4.AssignedUsers

It should look like this

Now hit the big red Run button on the ribbon. The query should pick out the matching data from the two tables and display it like this.

We now have all the data we need, we just need to get it back into a format XenDesktop will like.

XenDesktop 5.x Import CSV
Copy the results data including the headers out of Access and into a Notepad text file.

Put square brackets around each of the column headers, remove any spaces between them, and put commas inbetween them.

Copy .vm including the white space. Paste this into a Find and Replace and replace with vm,

So far the file should be looking like this

Now copy $ including the white space.Paste this into a Find and Replace and replace with $,

The final file should look like this.

That’s it. Your file is now ready. Save it as .csv and import into your XenDesktop 5.x Catalog Using the Import List button